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28 juillet 2015

Texas : l'histoire, une arme politique

Texas : l'histoire scolaire, une arme aux mains des politiciens.

- Texas' New History Textbooks Are a Disaster
Zak Cheney-Rice 08.07.2015

- Texas : Schools should teach that slavery was ‘side issue’ to Civil War
Emma Brown, The Washington Post, 05.07.2015

Texas' new social studies textbooks will not mention
A) Jim Crow laws,
B) the Ku Klux Klan or
C) the primary role slavery played in launching the U.S. Civil War

- Texas Conservatives Win Curriculum Change

ZCR cite aussi le New York Times du 12.03.2010 à propos de l’élaboration du curriculum.
« After three days of turbulent meetings, the Texas Board of Education on Friday approved a social studies curriculum that will put a conservative stamp on history and economics textbooks, stressing the superiority of American capitalism, questioning the Founding Fathers’ commitment to a purely secular government and presenting Republican political philosophies in a more positive light ».

Dans ce curriculum de sciences sociales, Thomas Jefferson a été effacé et remplacé par Thomas d'Aquin et Calvin.
Friedman et Hayek sont célébrés.

Un exemple :
Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills for Social Studies
Subchapter C. High School

The student is expected to
. explain the contributions of the Founding Fathers such as Benjamin Rush, John Hancock, John Jay,
John Witherspoon, John Peter Muhlenberg, Charles Carroll, and Jonathan Trumbull Sr

. analyze major military events of World War II, including the Battle of Midway, the U.S. military advancement through the Pacific Islands,
the Bataan Death March, the invasion of Normandy, fighting the war on multiple fronts, and the liberation of concentration camps;
. describe the causes and key organizations and individuals of the conservative resurgence of the 1980s and 1990s,
including Phyllis Schlafly, the Contract with America, the Heritage Foundation, the Moral Majority, and the National Rifle Association;

. analyze the causes and effects of changing demographic patterns resulting from legal and illegal immigration to the United States

Les manuels élaborés sur ordre de la majorité politique et achetés par l'Etat du Texas influencent fortement les Etats voisins.
Ils préparent une génération marquée par une vision très orientée de l'histoire des USA et du monde.

« Texas’s social studies standards are more politicized than any other state », said Jeremy A. Stern, a historian who reviewed state standards for the conservative-leaning Thomas B. Fordham Institute in 2011.
« History can be a weapon », said the sociologist James W. Loewen, and it has been used « against all of us. It makes us all stupid about the past and thoughtless about the present ».

rappels :
- Le curriculum d'histoire made in USA, Samuel Kuhn

- Construction et négociation de l’identité nationale.
Une étude comparatiste des programmes et des manuels scolaires d’histoire pour le primaire en France et aux États-Unis (1980-2010)
Rachel Hutchins, Histoire@Politique, n° 26, mai-août 2015




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