07 octobre 2014

WW1 : Femmes et chevaux

 

 

WW1-3paysannes

Le web en anglais apporte une forte contradiction
à la mise en scène des  3 robustes paysannes tirant une herse.
Dans de nombreuses photos, des femmes ( souvent en pantalon et bandes molletières )
conduisent des chevaux
pour travailler la terre.

wla-q30655

Une femme, assise, un cultivateur à trois roues tiré par deux chevaux
http://media.iwm.org.uk/iwm/mediaLib//57/media-57379/large.jpg

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Women%27s_Land_Army#mediaviewer/File:Agriculture_in_Britain_during_the_First_World_War_Q30655.jpg


- Britain Women ‘s Land Army

The roots of the WLA lie in World War One. Germany successfully mounted naval blockades on Britain's food imports, which made up 50% of the country's requirements. There was an acute farm labour shortage because workers were needed for military service and horses were commandeered by the forces. In 1917 the harvest failed and Britain was left with just three weeks' reserve of food. Famine loomed.
The Government's Food Production Department acted with alacrity and set up the Land Army. Lady Trudie Denman (of the fledgling Women's Institute) was appointed to organise the WLA and by 1918 there were 23,000 Land Girls at work milking, ploughing, herding and even thatching. In 1919 the WLA was disbanded as men returned home and shipping once again delivered food to Britain. http://news.bbc.co.uk/dna/place-lancashire/plain/A2116478

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Women%27s_Land_Army

http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:British_Women%27s_Land_Army_in_World_War_I

 

plough-horses-q_54601

charrue et deux chevaux
http://www.bbc.com/news/uk-wales-26238755

a single-furrow plough
http://www.iwm.org.uk/history/the-womens-land-army-in-pictures

The woman drives the plough (affiche)
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/d/d3/WWILandArmyPoster.jpg

 

wla-cart-Q30654

Women and cart :
http://media.iwm.org.uk/iwm/mediaLib//57/media-57378/large.jpg

wla-wood-Q106565

Members of the Women's Forestry Corps loading logs onto a horse-drawn sledge
for transportation in woodland at Cross In Hand, Heathfield, Sussex,
 http://media.iwm.org.uk/iwm/mediaLib//14/media-14812/large.jpg


A woman leads a horse from the stables on a farm
http://www.iwm.org.uk/history/the-womens-land-army-in-pictures

A woman land worker sowing seeds, elle marche derrière le semoir attelé
http://www.amdigital.co.uk/m-editorial-blog/womens-land-army/

Une herse et deux chevaux
http://www.firstworldwar.com/features/womenww1_four.htm

A cow-girl :
http://media.iwm.org.uk/iwm/mediaLib//57/media-57403/large.jpg

http://media.iwm.org.uk/iwm/mediaLib//57/media-57404/large.jpg



Côté français, le film d'Alexandre Devarennes, La femme française, 1918 (ECPAD) montre les femmes au travail dans toutes les activités, à la ville ou à la campagne. http://www.ecpad.fr/la-femme-francaise-pendant-la-guerre

Deux copies d'écran, vers la 17eme minute :

ad-boeufs

 

ad-chevaux

Pas de robuste paysanne s'attelant à l'outil, mais des femmes conduisant des chevaux ou des boeufs... 

 

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Posté par clioweb à 21:00 - Commentaires [0] - Permalien [#]
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