A plan for rebuilding the city of London, after the Great Fire in 1666 :
Design'd by that great architect sir Christopher Wren; and approv'd by King and Parliament; but unhappily defeated by faction
Creation from Catastrophe – How Architecture Rebuilds Communities. The Guardian 25.01.2016
From Wren’s wide boulevards to Newcourt’s uniform grids,
a new exhibition at the Royal Institute of British Architects reveals the alternative plans
to rebuild London after it was destroyed by the great fire of 1666 -
« Five original post-fire plans offer fascinating glimpses of what might have been. None of the designs was used ».
Christopher Wren has seen Paris the previous year. He wanted to create a city of « pomp and regularity », with long boulevards connecting large plazas
« If the Wren plan had come to pass, London might have become something akin to 19th-century Paris, when Georges-Eugene Haussmann’s vast redevelopment cleared the poor from the centre of the city ».
John Evelyn suggested one long, public quay along the river Thames.
« Other intriguing masterplans came from scientist Robert Hooke,
draughtsman Richard Newcourt (his plan outlined churches),
and Valentine Knight, an army officer who reputedly fought for the royalists in the English civil war.
These designs were all variations on a grid system ».
Canaletto (1697–1768) St. Paul's Cathedral, circa 1754 - Yale + G Art Project
Sir Christopher Wren (1632-1723)
La reconstruction de Saint-Paul
Le monument (1671–76) en souvenir du Grand Incendie
The Great Fire of London, september 1666 started at the bakery of Thomas Farriner (or Farynor) on Pudding Lane shortly after midnight on Sunday, 2 September and spread rapidly west across the medieval City of London (en.wikipedia.org).
L'extension du feu dans la ville - source wikipedia
The Fire consumed 13,200 houses, 87 parish churches, St Paul's Cathedral, and most of the buildings of the City authorities. The death toll is unknown but traditionally thought to have been small, as only six verified deaths were recorded. This reasoning has recently been challenged on the grounds that the deaths of poor and middle-class people were not recorded.
The wind dropped on Tuesday evening, and the firebreaks created by the garrison finally began to take effect on Wednesday 5 September.
London Burning, BBC History
En 1665, la Grande Peste a tué entre 1/6 et 1/4 de la population de la ville
(70 000 à 100 000 sur plus de 400 000 habitants).
La peste et l'incendie vus par Samuel Pepys dans son journal
wikisource : http://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Diary_of_Samuel_Pepys
CFP: Cities and disasters: urban adaptability and resilience in history
Institute of Historical Research London
November 3 & 4 2016
Claes Jansz Visscher’s 1616 panorama of London. (London Metropolitan Archives)
version interactive : http://www.panoramaofthethames.com/pott/visscher-pan/visscher-panorama
reproduction détaillée sur Commons : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Visscher_panorama
comparer avec le panorama actuel, par l'artiste Robin Reynolds - 19.02.2016
1666-2016, l'anniversaire sur Twitter : #GreatFire350
Minecraft computer game
A 3D representation of London before the Great Fire
Great Fire anniversary : A wooden replica of 1666 London was set ablaze on the River Themes (sic)
to commemorate the 350th anniversary of the Great Fire of London.