31 juillet 2015

Oshermaps : Women in Cartography



 Women in Cartography :
Celebrating 400 Years of Unsung Contributions to the Mapping World
Osher Maps Library, South Maine

March 26, 2015 to October 22, 2015

« This exhibition recognizes and celebrates the long overlooked role of women in the world of mapping; bringing their stories, accomplishments, and most importantly their maps to light. Curated by Alice Hudson, former Chief of the Map Division at the New York Public Library, Women in Cartography showcases the works of better-known women cartographers such as Marie Tharp, who, in partnership with Bruce Heezen, created the first scientific map of the entire ocean floor, and, Agnes Sinclair Holbrook who created the Hull-House maps, statistical cartographic presentations of social data from the immigrant rich Near West Side neighborhoods of Chicago ».

WiC checklist (pdf)

I. Women in the Early Modern Map Trades **
II. Women and the Modern Mapping of Place
III. Women and Pedagogy
IV. Women, CIties, and Spatial Analysis


The Osher Map Library and Smith Center for Cartographic Education [OML] is an an integral part of a the University of Maine. The OML is is committed to preserving the cartographic heritage of the state, region, and nation for future generations, and to making that heritage accessible to the University, the people of Maine, and to all other students, scholars, and visitors.

K 12 Education :
Field Trips, Online Lessons, Curriculum series, additional materials

The Art of the Hand-Drawn Map 2015
Envisioning the World: The First Printed Maps, 1472-1700 - 2010
American Treasures, I, II, III
Maps of Spain from the Enggass Collection 1999
Africa: A Continent Revealed 1998
The World Before and After Columbus 1992

I. Women in the Early Modern Map Trades
1. Coletta (née Kaerius [van der Keere]) Hondius, engraver
2. Marie Catherine Haussard, engraver
3. Elizabeth Haussard, engraver
4. Eva van Alphen Elzevier, printer
5. Selina Price Hall, publisher
6. Elizabeth Lenthall Stone, lithographer
7. Supplement to New-York Journal, no. 2013 (June 2, 1785)
8. Weduwe [widow of] Joannis Cnobbaert, publisher
9. Elizabeth Lowe, publisher
10. Elizabeth Verseyl Visscher, publisher
11. Mary Ann Rocque, publisher
12. Penelope Steel, chart and bookseller

II. Women and the Modern Mapping of Place
13. Katherine Dudley, cartographer
14. Elizabeth Shurtleff
15. Mildred Burrage
15b. William Willis
16. Jane Crosen
17. Ruth Rhoads Lepper [Gardner], cartographer & publisher
18. Ruth Rhoads Lepper [Gardner], cartographer & publisher
19. Ruth Rhoads Lepper [Gardner], cartographer & publisher
20. Helen Prentiss Huckins
21. Constance Brown

III. Women and Pedagogy
22. Emily Hill
23. Mary Hall
24. Anna Seile, publisher
25. Emma Willard, author
26. Marinda Branson Moore
27. Sarah Sophia Cornell

IV. Women, Cities, and Spatial Analysis
28. Agnes Sinclair Holbrook
29. Agnes Sinclair Holbrook
30. Agnes Sinclair Holbrook
31. Ilonka Karasz
32. Paula Scher
33. Toy Lasker
34. Phyllis Pearsall
35. Ruth Taylor [White]
36. Joni Seager
37. Barbara Petchenik
38. Photo of Marie Tharp by Steve Sagala
39. Marie Tharp and Bruce Heezan
40. Marie Tharp and Bruce Heezan
41. Anne Potenzo Mountford
42. Photo of Anne Potenzo Mountford
43. Emily Garfield


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30 juillet 2015

Women in Carto : Emma Willard



25. Emma Willard, author - Map No. 1. The World as Known to the Ancients - 1827

Women in Cartography - Osher Maps 2015 Exhibition
III. Women and Pedagogy

Map No. 1. The World as Known to the Ancients.
So Arranged as to Show by the Characters & Colours Used during Which of the Six Epocha's into Which Ancient Time is Divided, Each Century Become Known.
Entered according to act of Congress 5th. Day of September 1827 by Oliver D. Cooke & Co. of the State of Connecticut.

In William C. Woodbridge and Emma Willard, Ancient Atlas, to Accompany the Universal Geography (Hartford: Belknap and Hamersley, 1827)
Hand-colored copper engraving, 29 x 44

Emma Willard was a respected pioneer in women's education in the U. S. In 1821 she founded the first academy for girls, the Troy Female Seminary, or Emma Willard School. Graduates from Troy went on to found women's colleges across America, offering ever more formal and professionally related curricula as the world of work became more open to women. She wrote many works that all appeared in multiple editions, such as Universal Geography, Geography for Beginners, Abridged History of the United States, and Astronography; or Astronomical Geography.


Cartes d'Emma Willard reproduites sur le site de David Rumsey

Les 9 documents :




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07 octobre 2014

WW1 : Femmes et chevaux




Le web en anglais apporte une forte contradiction
à la mise en scène des  3 robustes paysannes tirant une herse.
Dans de nombreuses photos, des femmes ( souvent en pantalon et bandes molletières )
conduisent des chevaux
pour travailler la terre.


Une femme, assise, un cultivateur à trois roues tiré par deux chevaux


- Britain Women ‘s Land Army

The roots of the WLA lie in World War One. Germany successfully mounted naval blockades on Britain's food imports, which made up 50% of the country's requirements. There was an acute farm labour shortage because workers were needed for military service and horses were commandeered by the forces. In 1917 the harvest failed and Britain was left with just three weeks' reserve of food. Famine loomed.
The Government's Food Production Department acted with alacrity and set up the Land Army. Lady Trudie Denman (of the fledgling Women's Institute) was appointed to organise the WLA and by 1918 there were 23,000 Land Girls at work milking, ploughing, herding and even thatching. In 1919 the WLA was disbanded as men returned home and shipping once again delivered food to Britain. http://news.bbc.co.uk/dna/place-lancashire/plain/A2116478





charrue et deux chevaux

a single-furrow plough

The woman drives the plough (affiche)



Women and cart :


Members of the Women's Forestry Corps loading logs onto a horse-drawn sledge
for transportation in woodland at Cross In Hand, Heathfield, Sussex,

A woman leads a horse from the stables on a farm

A woman land worker sowing seeds, elle marche derrière le semoir attelé

Une herse et deux chevaux

A cow-girl :


Côté français, le film d'Alexandre Devarennes, La femme française, 1918 (ECPAD) montre les femmes au travail dans toutes les activités, à la ville ou à la campagne. http://www.ecpad.fr/la-femme-francaise-pendant-la-guerre

Deux copies d'écran, vers la 17eme minute :




Pas de robuste paysanne s'attelant à l'outil, mais des femmes conduisant des chevaux ou des boeufs... 



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