06 juin 2012

UK : Les ouvriers, des vaincus ?


- Ismaïl Ferhat, Les ouvriers, vaincus de l’histoire britannique ? (source : Aggior)
compte rendu de l'ouvrage
Owen Jones, Chavs. The demonization of the working class, London : Verso Press, 2011, 256 p.

- Bensimon, Fabrice, Les ouvriers britanniques en France, 1815-1850, in Aprile, Sylvie, et Bensimon, Fabrice (dir.),
La France et l’Angleterre au XIXe siècle : échanges, représentations, comparaisons, Paris, Créaphis, 2006, 580 p.

- Les bienfaits de l'aristocratie en GB
Ecouter le discours de TF1 au JT 13 h du dimanche 3 juin, vers la 33e mn

- British Queens on screen: the power of fictional image over factual text
Queen Victoria: the heart of a heartless political world
by Steven Fielding - History and Policy  - source LC, cvuh

« The centrality of the monarchy to British identity is encouraged through official ceremonies and celebrations ... and through their dramatization. Moreover, as Andrew Butler's recent research shows, many learn their most compelling history lessons not while they are at school or university, but when watching the big or small screen : it is the fictional image not the factual text that often leaves the strongest impression ».

« ... Such dramatizations - of Elizabeth as much as of Victoria - are meant to entertain: for commercial reasons producers try to give audiences what they want... The relationship between such dramas and historical fact is however problematic. What is clear however is that many Britons want to believe in a monarchy that is disinterestedly concerned for their interests. In a time in which they increasingly lack trust in those they elect to office - a feeling reinforced in the later Victoria films - such historical dramas give comfort that at the heart of an apparently heartless political world there is someone who cares. That this figure is elected by no one but God might make some democrats (and historians who care for accuracy) weep, but dramatists in search of an audience invariably follow the advice given at the end of John Ford's The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance : When the legend becomes fact, print the legend ».

- rappel : Les mondes britanniques, Histoire@politique,
dont Philippe Vervaecke, L'invention du patriotisme impérial :
usages politiques des fêtes d'Empire en Grande-Bretagne, 1877-1938
Jusque dans les années 1950, le patriotisme impérial, inventé lors des cérémonies royales victoriennes influence le pays (et ses écoliers), même si le soupçon ou l'indifférence existent déjà. Après 1950, les tournées d'Elizabeth II tentent encore de faire vivre  la « symbiose entre Couronne et Empire ». Mais avec la décolonisation, ce patriotisme impérial est disqualifié en tant que discours dominant à l’occasion des célébrations publiques

- Teaching History : Elizabeth and Cromwell ?
le sujet semble sensible pour nos collègues britanniques du forum Schoolhistory :
Sections 406 and 407 of the Education Act 1996 prohibit "the promotion of partisan political views in the teaching of any subject in the school"


Posté par clioweb à 22:05 - Commentaires [0] - Permalien [#]
Tags : , , , ,