Eleanor Roosevelt (1884-1962)
« Though widely respected in her later years, Roosevelt was a controversial First Lady at the time for her outspokenness, particularly her stance on racial issues. She was the first presidential spouse to hold regular press conferences, write a daily newspaper column, write a monthly magazine column, host a weekly radio show, and speak at a national party convention. On a few occasions, she publicly disagreed with her husband's policies. She launched an experimental community at Arthurdale, West Virginia, for the families of unemployed miners, later widely regarded as a failure. She advocated for expanded roles for women in the workplace, the civil rights of African Americans and Asian Americans, and the rights of World War II refugees.
Following her husband's death in 1945, Roosevelt remained active in politics for the remaining 17 years of her life. She pressed the United States to join and support the United Nations and became its first delegate. She served as the first chair of the UN Commission on Human Rights and oversaw the drafting of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. »
Elle a accompagné et défendu la politique sociale menée par son mari (New Deal).
L’écouter en français : @LaFabriqueFC 13.12.2018 vers la 46e mn
2016 Qui êtes-vous Eleanor Roosevelt ?
Documentaire de Patrick Jeudy diffusé sur Arte
La bio de CC Kiejman a été présentée au Mémorial de Caen en 2012
Lorena Hickok (1893-1968) :
Les coups tordus de Hoover et du FBI
Eleanor Roosevelt and Mary McLeod Bethune,
a member of Franklin D. Roosevelt's Black Cabinet (the Federal Council of Negro Affairs), 1943